Infertility, which is one of the most important problems of today, that is, infertility as it is said among the people, has become a threat to the whole world. Despite the fact that unhealthy diet, irregular life, deterioration of genetic structure and stress factors are at the top of the top of the main reasons for such an increase in infertility, a definitive diagnosis can never be made. Today, with the progress of medicine, various methods have been developed to make couples who want to have a baby feel the feeling of parenting. Of course, embryo donation is often seen as a last resort.
WHAT İS AN EMBRYO?
The smallest living model that emerges when the mother’s egg and the father’s sperm are brought together, fertilized under healthy conditions and divided and grown is called an embryo.
Until the embryo donation process, the most preferred method among the methods applied in the problems of not occurring pregnancy is of course vaccination (IUA) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), which can be applied in cases where pregnancy does not occur naturally due to the insufficiency in the reproductive cells of the parents or for reasons that are not understood. treatments. These treatment methods are carried out entirely with the reproductive cells of the mother and father. Reproductive cells are stimulated with various drugs, and then performed with IVF treatment method applied in the laboratory.
METHODS PERFORMED İN THE ABSENCE OF REPRODUCTİVE CELLS
If one of the mother’s or father’s reproductive cells is completely absent, cell transplants are used. The transplants can be divided into egg donation and embryo donation.
- Egg donation: Although embryo donation and egg donation treatments can be confused with each other many times, they are actually quite different from each other. If it is only on the female side, if there is a lack of egg cells or if it is too poor quality to be able to be pregnant, IVF treatment with egg donation is used. In IVF treatment, healthy embryos are obtained by using the egg of the selected donor and the sperm of the father and these embryos are transferred to the mother’s womb.
- Embryo donation: If both male and female reproductive cells are insufficient or missing, if it is not possible to have a baby with both eggs and sperm, the method in which both reproductive cells are taken from donors and embryos are obtained, which is called embryo donation. In the embryo donation method, sperm and egg cells that are suitable for the physical characteristics of the mother and father candidate are fertilized and healthy embryo transfer can be performed 3 or 5 days after fertilization.
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